La resistencia: el deseo incumplido

La resistencia se plantea como un deseo temido, un deseo o una promesa que no se puede cumplir ¿Qué está en el camino que impide que mi deseo se cumpla?¿Cuántas promesas he incumplido?

Los mismos que proponen y desean el viaje para acercarse a su destino, manifiestan una resistencia al mismo, los mismos que declaran estar dispuestos a dedicar tiempo y energía para hacer distinto acaban por no encontrar ese tiempo y energía, y siguen haciendo parecido.

Hay una parte nuestra que se muestra emergente y que quiere cambiar, y otra parte que se muestra resistente y que fantasea con seguir como está.

Este sector es muy particular…

Nuestro equipo no está muy motivado para esto…

Lo que me pasa a mí no lo puede arreglar nadie..

Yo se cosas que los demás no saben….

No estoy aquí para perder mi tiempo haciendo preguntas, me pagan por dar respuestas y traer soluciones….

Demasiado conceptual…demasiado teórico…demasiado filosófico.

Yo soy así…

Te voy a explicar por qué no lo he hecho…

No va a servir para nada…no va a suceder nada.

Me lo voy a pensar…

Que tan mal no nos ha ido hasta ahora así…

Yo tengo mi rutina…

 

Conflictos: unos se pasan, otros no llegan

La mayoría de los conflictos en las empresas provienen por cuestiones de límite o de territorio. Retenemos tres condiciones organizativas generadoras de conflictos:

  • La excesiva competitividad lleva a las empresas a promocionar a personalidades narcisistas que no ven límites fuera pero tampoco dentro, invadiendo el espacio de otros compañeros.
  • Las organizaciones matriciales generan numerosos conflictos territoriales: unos se pasan y otros no llegan.
  • El rápido crecimiento del negocio también plantea conflictos de límite. Hay un equilibrio difícil de lograr entre ambición y límite, entre la energía necesaria para competir y la desperdiciada en conflictos de límite.

Los límites de la persona en el ejercicio del rol vienen definidos por su personalidad, sus competencias, su experiencia. A su vez, los límites del rol vienen definidos por la misión, las principales responsabilidades, los objetivos asignados, los atributos de la marca o los valores del negocio. Además, el rol directivo está limitado por su ubicación en la estructura orgánica e incluso por las prioridades estratégicas. Aún así, las fronteras son difusas.

El viaje del cambio es tal para reconocer y a menudo ajustar el límite, lo que da pié para numerosas resistencias. El límite se marca desde el NO y el SI: “no a ésto y sí a esto otro…este no es tu territorio y este sí lo es”. Ese ajuste progresivo pasa a menudo por reforzar la autoestima, el auto-control, la autonomía, la autoridad o la inteligencia emocional del directivo. También pasa por compartir feedbacks regularmente, en cara a cara o «entre varios».

Quien no llega al límite tiene que “atreverse a hacer”, a “darse permisos para hacer”, o a “saber pedir”. Quien se pasa del límite tiene que aprender a escuchar, a leer las emociones de los demás y a “prohibirse hacer”.

Learnings from Business Future Conversations

«Our business strategy was perfect…we have just failed at implementation».

«We know exactly what needs to be done in this market….but for whatever reason we do not do it».

«People are not aligned…we need to better communicate our strategy».

I would like to share two complementary executive development paradigms I´ve been exploring for years with clients when working on business future conversations or business strategy conversations, but also when helping them in executive and/or team development. They are based on alternative beliefs I summarize here below.

Strategy generation and executive development get different status

Executive development should be deployed just after the business strategy is generated and to support the strategy execution. The underlying belief here is that business strategy is usually generated under the “most perfect individual and team conditions” (i.e.: executive team cohesion, good emotions, presence, listening, deep inquiring, commitment, no fight for power at senior level). There is little room for learning under this alternative: strategy generation and executive development get different status, business strategy subordinates executive learning.

Executive development and business strategy should be part of the same generative process

They become allies. This second alternative is supported by two underlying beliefs:

  1. The quality of business strategy generation is interdependent with the quality of the co-creation process, which is strongly linked to executives ability to connect mind, heart and will. In other words, the quality of the output generated (business strategy plan) is strongly interdependent with the quality of individual outcomes (perceived benefits), which again are strongly interdependent with the quality of the co-creation process (presence, listening, exploration, etc.);
  2. The quality of business strategy execution is strongly interdependent with the alignment achieved between the self, the team and the business at strategy generation. There is room for learning here, whether this refers to the self (mind, heart and will), the team or the large system.

What traditional business strategy consultants usually do

While they often talk about complexity, traditional business strategy consultants usually follow the first alternative here above. They are still assessing the single-perfect leader («God») as if they were in a simple and predicted ecosystem. Complexity becomes here a “posture”, as French’s say (in Spain, we call this attitude “postureo”). Business strategy consultant’s still assessing organizations under masculine-patriarchal patterns while presenting complexity as a bad mother (feminine-matriarchal) either poisoning her Children with too much uncertainty or hurting their self-esteem by repeating they are not skillful enough to understand complexity.

What organizational learning consultants would actually do

Organizational learning consultants believe the second alternative here above is most appropriate in current times. More precisely we adopt collaborative approaches with the purpose to give birth to triplets:

  1. A committed individual executive, acting as container for subordinates. This is a necessary condition to become an inspiring leader.
  2. An executive team containing individual members and sharing a common vision. This is a necessary condition to become a high performing team.
  3. A business strategy container. This is a necessary condition for promoting people alignment to business strategy.

Aligning the three systemic circles

The three previous complementary containers represent feminine-matriarchal archetypes. We also follow masculine-patriarchal archetypes in the way we articulate the co-creation process (i.e. collaborative conversations) and in our commitment to produce results.

When aligning the threre circles, we see strong connection between thelearningperson from Etienne Collignon, the gender archetypes research https://geronimocoaching.me from Marion Chapsal, the Collaborative Conversations from Ken Homer and the business futures conversation www.elsentidocompartido.com from myself. We are teaming for giving birth to a joint Collaborative Leadership or Collaboration as Leadership process to align self, team and large system.

Collaboration as Leadership

For further learning, please join us at the Collaborative Leadership Workshop

https://www.weezevent.com/collaborative-leadership-workshop

Systemic diagnosis

In my newly issued book, El Liderazgo Colaborativo, I introduce four interdependent systemic approaches to carry out diagnosis and five system containers to facilitate organizational learning and collaboration.

Systemic diagnosis assumptions

Classical diagnosis approaches set that “causes” precede “symptoms”; therefore, they have  different status. Causes are usually part of “evidence”, while symptoms are usually part of “interpretation” of the evidence according to a model; interpretation is a kind of explanation.

Systemic diagnosis sets four assumptions:

  • The first assumption sets that system adaptation is an ongoing opening up and learning process happening at individual, teams and large system levels. This process is strongly connected to a closing up process happening at the same three levels.
  • The second one sets that learning (opening up) and resistance (closing up) to learn and adapt go together, also at the three levels. Both are system active processes: although people may feel not so satisfied/happy with current business culture, they are more resistant to losing this reference than to co-create a new business vision that increases their future utility. Systems culture is antagonistic to systems vision.
  • The third assumption sets that individual and team learning should happen within a number of system containers or platforms that set collective direction and subsequently provide shared purpose or shared meaning to them. Aligning people to brand values, as a business container, doesn’t mean building an obliged hierarchy but a commited network.
  • The fourth one sets that any emergent agent should pay attention to learning and to resistances at the same time. This dual or ambivalent focus falls under the adaptive complexity, a sort of empirical term many use without a clear understanding about the meaning.

Many system leaders end up by adopting linear approaches, very disruptive for people and teams.

 

The full identity systemic model

Seven years ago, in my book Identidad Completa (2010), I introduced a systemic model named the Full Identity (FI), applied to organizational learning and transformation. Full identity sets that any human system –individual, team and large system- behaves under the influence of feminine-matriarchal patterns and masculine-patriarchal ones; whether system members are conscious or not this is another story.

FI model is based on a combination of field experience and bibliographic research. The field comes from years of executive coaching, team coaching an intercultural experience. The bibliography comes from imaginary anthropology and gender studies. FI is also my singular way to explore the collective intelligence, a sort of phantom concept we hear about a lot in business…but never see. I have to say that according to imaginary and gender research, there is a difference between gender and sex. Many people either reject or do not understand this hypothesis about differentiating gender and sex…maybe another phantom idea…maybe a resistance due to our mental model.

The FI model assumptions

The first assumption sets the antagonistic relationship between the two patterns: feminine-matriarchal and masculine-patriarchal. When a pattern becomes official (dominant) in the system in terms of influencing attitudes, behaviours, habits or corporate policies, the antagonistic pattern can be observed as symptom. As an example, when an organization becomes too much competitive, demanding, performance oriented, oppressive and vertical (masculine-patriarchal), people show symptoms in form of rumors, stress, boycott and relationship violence (i.e. humiliation, harassment, threat). On the opposite side, when the organization becomes too much social, friendly, caring, protective, easy going, inclusive, tolerant, mystic, patient, slow driven (feminine-matriarchal), people show symptoms of annoy, sadness, mysticism, dispersion and a sort of frustration due to lack of challenge.

The second assumption sets the importance for people to access to shared purpose or shared meaning. Both require inclusion and co-creation, both reduce people anxiety and uncertainty, and increase people commitment. System change implies building a shared understanding and exploration about what behaviours and mental models require to be re-assessed (i.e. which ones need to be abandon and which ones to be reinforced). Systemic crisis may happen when the dominant pattern is unable to provide, not just shared meaning to system members, but also sustainable results for teams and for the large system. As an example, the recent economic crisis represents the failure of the neo-liberal ideology to provide shared purpose to millions of citizens. On the antagonistic side, the collaborative or social economy represents a pattern reversion; digital collaborative technology behaves here as enabler.

The third assumption sets the importance of combining patterns, which means combining combative and collaborative leadership processes or, as Adam Kahane says, combining power and love, vertical execution and horizontal coordination, individual performance and team cohesion, divergent scenario exploration and convergent operating decisions, etc. Adaptive complexity derives from this assumption; adaptive complexity is connected to the way the system learns whether at individual, team or large system level, but also connected to the way the system deploys natural resistance to most of the learning initiatives.

I´m very glad my SOL colleagues, Marion Chapsal and Ken Homer, are exploring the gender field to support system learning and transformation. They will apply their model at the Madrid Collaborative Leadership Workshop this May.